Killeen is a city in the United States, located in central Texas. The population is estimated at 127,921 in 2010, the city is the 21st largest population in Texas. Is part of the Killin-Temple statistical area—Fort Hood.
|History and geography|
|Center Height||300 m|
|Time zone||UTC-6:00, summer UTC-5:00|
|Population||127,921 people (2010)|
|Phone code||+1 254|
|Media files on Wikimedia Commons|
The Fort Hood base, located near the city, is the main employer in the city and largely defines its economy.
In 1881, the railway company Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway expanded its presence in central Texas by buying 360 acres (1.5 km2) southwest of the small farmland community of Palo Alto, established in 1 872. The company built a city on the site, which it named after Assistant Director General of the Railway Frank Killin. A year later, the city had a depot, saloon, several shops and a school. By 1884, 350 people were living in the town, with five shops, two mills, two cotton-cleaning machines, two salons, a sawmill, a smithy and a hotel. Killin continued to grow as it became an important transport hub for cotton, wool, and grain in the western part of Bell District and the eastern part of Coriel District. In 1900, there were already 780 people living in the city, and in 1905, local politicians and businessmen persuaded Texas lawmakers to build bridges across the Cauhaus Creek and other streams, which helped to double the Killin trade zone. In 1914, the public water supply system was started, and the city population increased to 1300 inhabitants.
Until the 1940’s, Killin remained a relatively small and isolated farmer's trading center, but that changed dramatically after 1942, when Camp Hood (renamed Fort Hood in 1950) was established in the vicinity of World War II. Thousands of laborers, construction workers, contractors, soldiers and their families reached the area, and Killin became a military city. Camp Hood's opening also radically changed the nature of the local economy, as the base occupied almost half of the Killin trade area, displacing it from the farm and ranch. The loss of more than 300 farms and ranches has led to the collapse of the cotton-refining area and other agricultural enterprises in Killin. The new enterprises began providing services to the military camp. After the Second World War, when the camp was abandoned, Killin suffered a recession, but in 1950 the base of the permanent stay of the troops was created in his place and the city started to develop again. Its population increased from 1,300 in 1949 to 7,045 in 1950, and about 100 new commercial buildings were built in 1950 and 1951.
By 1955, Killin had approximately 21,076 residents and 224 enterprises. Cuts and troop transfers to other bases in the mid-1950s led to another recession in the city that lasted until 1959, when some units were returned to Fort Hood. Elvis Presley lived in the city during his military service. The city continued to grow in the 1960’s, especially after the Vietnam War led to an increase in Fort Hood activity. By 1970 Kilin had turned the city with 35,507 inhabitants, there was a municipal airport, a new municipal library and a college. According to the 1980 census, there were 49,307 people in the city and it was the largest city in Bell County. By 1990, its population had grown to 63,535 and 265,301 were living in the Killeen-Temple agglomeration. In addition to building local economic development after 1950, the Fort Hood military presence also changed the city's racial, religious, and ethnic composition. Before the 1950s, there were no black people in the city, but in the early 1950s, a Marlboro Hieghts division was created on the base? The city's school council, composed entirely of black soldiers, voted in 1956 to establish a local high school. The first Catholic priest, the recedent of the city, was appointed at the parish of St. Joseph in 1954, and at about the same time new Presbyterian and Episcopal churches were built. By 1980, the city had established a multi-ethnic community that includes whites, blacks, Mexicans, Koreans, and a number of citizens from other countries.
1991 was a year of turmoil for Killin. After Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in the late summer of 1990, the city was preparing for war and sending thousands of troops from the Second Armored and First Cavalry Divisions to the Middle East. On 16 October 1991, George Gennard killed 23 people and then committed suicide at the Luby's restaurant in the city. In December 1991, the U.S. football team of one of Killin's universities, Killeen Kangaroos won the first division of the 5A conference, defeating the Sugar Land Dulles 14-10 team at Astrod Stadium in a decisive match .
According to the 2000 census, the population of Killin was 86,911, and the 2010 census rose to 127,000, which makes it possible to name Killin with suburbs one of the fastest growing areas in the state. A large number of Killin's men have served in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. As of April 2008, more than 400 soldiers had died in the two wars.
On November 5, 2009, just a few miles from the site of the Luby tragedy, the killer opened fire on people at Fort Hood military base, killing 13 people and injuring 30 others. The assassin sustained four gunshot wounds that caused paralysis below his belt. In memory of the victims of the Fort Hood shooting, the choir at Menor High School in Killin, led by filmmaker Jason Man and by Fort Wert composer William Owens, wrote and performed the song "With Valor and Bravery With Valor And Brave Heart. In 2011, Kilin received media attention after the release of the new TV series "Surprise Homecoming", created by Billy Ray Cyrus, about families of military personnel returning from abroad.
According to the US Census Bureau, the total area of the city is 35.4 square miles (92 km2), of which 35.3 square miles (91 km2) are terrestrial and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) 0.14%) - water.
|Absolute maximum, °C||31||34||36||37||38||42||43||42||44||39||33||28||44|
|Average maximum, °C||14||17||21||26||29||33||35||36||32||27||20||16||25.5|
|Medium minimum, °C||3||3||7||12||16||21||22||22||18||13||7||2||12|
|Absolute minimum, °C||-15||-15||-7||0||7||11||13||13||6||-4||-7||-19||-19|
|Precipitation rate, mm||42.2||62.5||74.4||62.5||114||94||34||47||79.5||82||74.4||68.6||835.2|
| 1890—ND |
According to the 2010 census, the city has 127,921 inhabitants, 48,052 households and 33,276 families. The population density is 949.3 people per km². The city has 53,913 houses with a density of 386 per km². Race composition of the city: 45.1% are white, 34.1% are black, 0.8% are Native, 4% are Asian, 1.4% are Hawaiian or Oceania, 7.9% are non-Hawaiian, 6.7% are two or more races. The number of Hispanic-speaking people of any race was 22.9%.
Of the 48,052 households, 40.1 per cent are children under the age of 18. In 47.1% of cases, married couples live in the household, 17.2% - households without men, 30.8% - households not belonging to the family. 24.4% of households are single people, 3.6% are single people over the age of 65. The average household size is 2.66 persons. The average family size is 3.17.
33.2% of the city's population is under the age of 20, 38.7% are between 20 and 39, 22.8% are between 40 and 64, 5.2% are between 65 and older. The average age is 27 years.
The average household income is $44,370 per year, the average household income is $36,674. The city's per capita income is $20,095, down from the national average of $39,997. About 11.2% of households and 16.4% of the population are below the poverty line. Of this, 18.5% are under 18 years of age and 8.6% are over 65 years of age.
2007 Coldwell Banker Killin was recognized as the most affordable city in the United States. The average cost of the house was 136,725 US dollars.
According to the city's financial report for fiscal year 2017-2018, Killin owned the assets at $579.1 million, the city's debt was $317.7 million. The city's revenues amounted to $178.15 million, city's expenses - $155.75 million
The main employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||Number of employees|
|3||3rd Army Corps and Fort Hood Base||36,187|
|2||Army contractors and suppliers||7502|
|3||Killin Independent School District||6000|
|4||Fort Hood civilian personnel||5493|
|5||Teleperformance call center Teleperformance||1800|
|6||Central Texas College||1488|
Culture and Art
The Vive Les Arts Theater is located in Killin. It presents several performances each year both on the main stage and in the children's department. The theater relies on local talent and support. Among the productions are famous Broadway musical "Cats", "Ain't Misbehavin" (tribbed by Fats Waller) and "All Shook Up" (musical with songs of Elvis Presley).
Recall of city council members in 2011
On November 8, 2011, five members were immediately withdrawn from the Killin City Council. As a result, the remaining members of the council could not reach the quorum, and the city council was formally disbanded until May 2012, when the regular elections allowed to fill the vacant vacancies.
According to the comprehensive annual financial report of the city in 2011, the city's revenues amounted to 145.75 million US dollars, expenses — 140.52 million US dollars, total assets amounted to 565.7 million, including 60.5 million US dollars in cash and equivalent and 257 million, 9 total liabilities.
The structure of city and city management is as follows:
|City Manager||Glenn Morrison|
|External Services Assistant||John Sutton|
|City Internal Services Assistant||Anne Farris|
|City Prosecutor||Catherine Davis|
|Secretary of the City Administration||Paula Miller|
|Police Chief||Dennis Baldwin|
|Aviation Chief||John Sutton|
|Regional Development Director||Leslie Hinkle|
|Chief Financial Officer||Barbara Gonzalez|
|Director of Staff||Debbie Meinor|
|Director, Information Technology||Donald Fein|
|Planning Director||Ray Shanaa|
|Director of Public Relations||Hilary Shain|
|Director of Public Works||Lichard McChi|
|Chief of Fire Guard||Jerry Gardner|
|Presiding Municipal Judge||William Gibson|
Killin Independent School District is the largest school district between Roundt-Rock and Dallas. There are 32 primary schools (English elementary schools), 11 secondary schools (English middle schools), four secondary schools (English high schools) and five specialized schools.
Killin has the Christian Memorial Academy (13th grade) and the Krik View Academy (10th grade).
College and University
In 1965 a college was established in the city, designed to serve students from the districts of Bell, Bernett, Corriel, Hamilton, Lampasas, Llano, Mason, Mills and San Saba. The College offers 40 specialties and certificates of completion.
A&M University in Central Texas was inaugurated on 1 September 1999originally a branch of Tarleton State University. After 1,000 students enrolled, the university became an independent institution in the A&M system.
Killeen's main newspaper is the Killeen Daily Herald, published in various formats since 1890. The newspaper was one of four publications owned by the legendary Texas publisher Frank Mayborne, whose wife remains its editor and publisher.
Herald also publishes the independent newspaper Fort Hood Herald for Fort Hood and the weekly newspaper Cove Herald (for Kopperas-Kouva residents).
Fort Hood is an official edition of Fort Hood Sentinel, an American army publication independent of the US government and military.
Killin is served by a small Skylark Field (ILE) regional airfield, a large Killin-Fort Hood regional airport (GRC), and the transit bus system HOP.
The main highway that passes through Kilyn or nearby is US 190, Business branch from US 190 (Veterans Memorial Boulevard), Texas state motorway 195, Highway 172 (leading to Fort Hood), and I-35 (10 miles from the city, in Belton).
The city has two municipal departments, the Fire Service and the Kilina Police Department.
In 2012, according to the unified crime report in Killin, 851 violent (murder, rape, robbery or assault) and 4,986 non-violent (burglary, theft and car theft) crimes were committed:
|Crimes||Number||Per 100,000 inhabitants||In Texas||US|
- Elvis Presley — Served at Fort Hood and lived in Killin for a short time
- Tia and Tamer Mowry lived in the base and city while their father served in the army
- Jennifer Hewitt
- Burgess Meredith
- Burt Reynolds
- Jackie Robinson
According to Sister Cities International, Killin has one sister city, Osan (South Korea).
- US Census Bureau 2010 census estimate
- Beale, Jonathan. Grief hangs over Texas army town, BBC News (April 9, 2008). Date of appeal April 8, 2008.
- Monthly Averages for Killeen, TX. Weather.com. The Weather Channel. Case date: August 14, 2013.
- City of Killeen CAFR Fiscal ended September 30, 2018 (PDF). Case date: September 18, 2019.
- Killeen City Council meets for 1st time since Nov. recall
- About Us (in English). Killeen Daily Herald. Case date: September 18, 2019.
- 2012 CRIME IN TEXAS. CRIME BY JURISDICTION
- 2012 CRIME IN TEXAS. TEXAS CRIME ANALYSIS
- FBI Uniform Crime Reports — 2012 Rate: Number of Crimes per 100,000 Inhabitants
- Sister Cities International. 2018 Annual Report & Membership Directory (EN). Case date: May 1, 2019.